È disturbo ossessivo-compulsivo o qualcos'altro?

Recensito il 10 novembre 2017

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Sommario

  • Sometimes mistaken for autism or Tourette syndrome
  • Often co-occurs with other disorders
  • Symptoms may be due to some other health issue

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has become a popular topic in today’s culture. It is common to hear others refer to a classmate or co-worker as having OCD. A person who is fussy or routine-oriented may be thought to have it. Some people even say they are “being OCD” during times of worry or stress.

The fact is most people will show OCD-like symptoms from time to time. This does not mean they have the disorder. OCD is more than just having certain routines or worries. OCD involves a series of obsessions and compulsions that upset one’s life. A person with OCD has these thoughts and rituals for over an hour each day.

Sintomi di disturbo ossessivo compulsivo

ossessioni

Obsessions are thoughts or images that happen over and over again in one’s mind. They can be very disturbing. The person will often realize these obsessions are not reasonable. At the same time, the person is not able to stop them.

Some common obsessions can be:

  • Sentirsi le mani piene di germi
  • Feeling something important is being left undone
  • Sensazione di morte imminente
  • Sensazione di causare danni a se stessi o ai propri cari
  • Sentire che gli oggetti sono fuori posto o in ordine
  • Sentirsi troppo in colpa per la religione
  • Sentirsi respinti dagli impulsi sessuali

compulsioni

Compulsions are rituals done due to obsessions. The person does not want to repeat the rituals, but feels compelled to do so. She feels something bad will happen if she does not do them. Doing the rituals will not make the obsessions go away but may give some short-term relief.

Some common compulsions are:

  • Lavarsi ripetutamente le mani
  • Controllare e ricontrollare le cose
  • Touching and putting things in order
  • Ripetere sequenze di passi
  • Parole ripetute
  • Conteggio

Sometimes it’s something else

OCD is sometimes mistaken for other ailments such as autism or Tourette syndrome.

Disturbo dello spettro autistico (ASD)

ASD is an illness that affects the way a person interacts and learns. A person with ASD will sometimes repeat actions. In this way it is like OCD. Other symptoms include not understanding the ways people typically relate. For example, a person with ASD might avoid eye contact or not take another person’s feelings into account.

Tourette syndrome (TS)

TS is a disorder of the nervous system. It causes a person to repeat movements and utterances. These tic cannot be controlled by the person. Examples include eye blinking and throat clearing. Tic disorders often co-occur with OCD.

Disturbi concomitanti

Besides tic disorders, many other illnesses can co-occur with OCD. These include bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, ADHD, and depression. Eating disorders and substance use disorders are also quite common. OCD should always be treated apart from any co-occurring disease.

Il disturbo bipolare

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness marked by extreme mood swings. A person with the disease may go back and forth between very high and very low feelings. The high periods are called mania. The low periods are called Depressione.

Schizofrenia

Schizophrenia is a long-term mental illness that affects millions of adults. It disrupts a person’s thinking, causing odd outward behavior. People with the illness often hear voices. They may also see things that aren’t really there.

ADHD

ADHD stands for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. It is one of the most common disorders among school-aged kids. ADHD can also continue into adulthood. People with ADHD will have trouble staying focused. Many of them will also act hyper and impulsive. Boys are three to four times more likely to have ADHD than girls.

Ottenere aiuto

Sometimes OCD symptoms can be substance-induced or medication-induced. They may also be due to some other health issue. If you think you might have OCD, you should be checked out by a doctor. If nothing is physically found wrong, you may be referred to a mental health specialist. If you do get diagnosed with OCD, do not fret. OCD is a long-term disease, but through proper treatment recovery is possible.

Risorse

Alleanza nazionale sulla malattia mentale
www.nami.org
www.nami.org/NAMI/media/NAMI-Media/Images/FactSheets/OCD-FS.pdf

Di Kevin Rizzo
Source: National Alliance on Mental Illness, www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Obsessive-compulsive-Disorder and www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Schizophrenia; National Institute of Mental Health, www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/index.shtml, www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml and www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd/index.shtml; Mental Health America, www.mentalhealthamerica.net/conditions/ocd; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/index.html, www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/tourette/index.html and www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/tourette/ocd.html
Recensito da Paulo Correa, MD, direttore medico, Beacon Health Options

Sommario

  • Sometimes mistaken for autism or Tourette syndrome
  • Often co-occurs with other disorders
  • Symptoms may be due to some other health issue

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has become a popular topic in today’s culture. It is common to hear others refer to a classmate or co-worker as having OCD. A person who is fussy or routine-oriented may be thought to have it. Some people even say they are “being OCD” during times of worry or stress.

The fact is most people will show OCD-like symptoms from time to time. This does not mean they have the disorder. OCD is more than just having certain routines or worries. OCD involves a series of obsessions and compulsions that upset one’s life. A person with OCD has these thoughts and rituals for over an hour each day.

Sintomi di disturbo ossessivo compulsivo

ossessioni

Obsessions are thoughts or images that happen over and over again in one’s mind. They can be very disturbing. The person will often realize these obsessions are not reasonable. At the same time, the person is not able to stop them.

Some common obsessions can be:

  • Sentirsi le mani piene di germi
  • Feeling something important is being left undone
  • Sensazione di morte imminente
  • Sensazione di causare danni a se stessi o ai propri cari
  • Sentire che gli oggetti sono fuori posto o in ordine
  • Sentirsi troppo in colpa per la religione
  • Sentirsi respinti dagli impulsi sessuali

compulsioni

Compulsions are rituals done due to obsessions. The person does not want to repeat the rituals, but feels compelled to do so. She feels something bad will happen if she does not do them. Doing the rituals will not make the obsessions go away but may give some short-term relief.

Some common compulsions are:

  • Lavarsi ripetutamente le mani
  • Controllare e ricontrollare le cose
  • Touching and putting things in order
  • Ripetere sequenze di passi
  • Parole ripetute
  • Conteggio

Sometimes it’s something else

OCD is sometimes mistaken for other ailments such as autism or Tourette syndrome.

Disturbo dello spettro autistico (ASD)

ASD is an illness that affects the way a person interacts and learns. A person with ASD will sometimes repeat actions. In this way it is like OCD. Other symptoms include not understanding the ways people typically relate. For example, a person with ASD might avoid eye contact or not take another person’s feelings into account.

Tourette syndrome (TS)

TS is a disorder of the nervous system. It causes a person to repeat movements and utterances. These tic cannot be controlled by the person. Examples include eye blinking and throat clearing. Tic disorders often co-occur with OCD.

Disturbi concomitanti

Besides tic disorders, many other illnesses can co-occur with OCD. These include bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, ADHD, and depression. Eating disorders and substance use disorders are also quite common. OCD should always be treated apart from any co-occurring disease.

Il disturbo bipolare

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness marked by extreme mood swings. A person with the disease may go back and forth between very high and very low feelings. The high periods are called mania. The low periods are called Depressione.

Schizofrenia

Schizophrenia is a long-term mental illness that affects millions of adults. It disrupts a person’s thinking, causing odd outward behavior. People with the illness often hear voices. They may also see things that aren’t really there.

ADHD

ADHD stands for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. It is one of the most common disorders among school-aged kids. ADHD can also continue into adulthood. People with ADHD will have trouble staying focused. Many of them will also act hyper and impulsive. Boys are three to four times more likely to have ADHD than girls.

Ottenere aiuto

Sometimes OCD symptoms can be substance-induced or medication-induced. They may also be due to some other health issue. If you think you might have OCD, you should be checked out by a doctor. If nothing is physically found wrong, you may be referred to a mental health specialist. If you do get diagnosed with OCD, do not fret. OCD is a long-term disease, but through proper treatment recovery is possible.

Risorse

Alleanza nazionale sulla malattia mentale
www.nami.org
www.nami.org/NAMI/media/NAMI-Media/Images/FactSheets/OCD-FS.pdf

Di Kevin Rizzo
Source: National Alliance on Mental Illness, www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Obsessive-compulsive-Disorder and www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Schizophrenia; National Institute of Mental Health, www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/index.shtml, www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml and www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd/index.shtml; Mental Health America, www.mentalhealthamerica.net/conditions/ocd; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/index.html, www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/tourette/index.html and www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/tourette/ocd.html
Recensito da Paulo Correa, MD, direttore medico, Beacon Health Options

Sommario

  • Sometimes mistaken for autism or Tourette syndrome
  • Often co-occurs with other disorders
  • Symptoms may be due to some other health issue

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has become a popular topic in today’s culture. It is common to hear others refer to a classmate or co-worker as having OCD. A person who is fussy or routine-oriented may be thought to have it. Some people even say they are “being OCD” during times of worry or stress.

The fact is most people will show OCD-like symptoms from time to time. This does not mean they have the disorder. OCD is more than just having certain routines or worries. OCD involves a series of obsessions and compulsions that upset one’s life. A person with OCD has these thoughts and rituals for over an hour each day.

Sintomi di disturbo ossessivo compulsivo

ossessioni

Obsessions are thoughts or images that happen over and over again in one’s mind. They can be very disturbing. The person will often realize these obsessions are not reasonable. At the same time, the person is not able to stop them.

Some common obsessions can be:

  • Sentirsi le mani piene di germi
  • Feeling something important is being left undone
  • Sensazione di morte imminente
  • Sensazione di causare danni a se stessi o ai propri cari
  • Sentire che gli oggetti sono fuori posto o in ordine
  • Sentirsi troppo in colpa per la religione
  • Sentirsi respinti dagli impulsi sessuali

compulsioni

Compulsions are rituals done due to obsessions. The person does not want to repeat the rituals, but feels compelled to do so. She feels something bad will happen if she does not do them. Doing the rituals will not make the obsessions go away but may give some short-term relief.

Some common compulsions are:

  • Lavarsi ripetutamente le mani
  • Controllare e ricontrollare le cose
  • Touching and putting things in order
  • Ripetere sequenze di passi
  • Parole ripetute
  • Conteggio

Sometimes it’s something else

OCD is sometimes mistaken for other ailments such as autism or Tourette syndrome.

Disturbo dello spettro autistico (ASD)

ASD is an illness that affects the way a person interacts and learns. A person with ASD will sometimes repeat actions. In this way it is like OCD. Other symptoms include not understanding the ways people typically relate. For example, a person with ASD might avoid eye contact or not take another person’s feelings into account.

Tourette syndrome (TS)

TS is a disorder of the nervous system. It causes a person to repeat movements and utterances. These tic cannot be controlled by the person. Examples include eye blinking and throat clearing. Tic disorders often co-occur with OCD.

Disturbi concomitanti

Besides tic disorders, many other illnesses can co-occur with OCD. These include bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, ADHD, and depression. Eating disorders and substance use disorders are also quite common. OCD should always be treated apart from any co-occurring disease.

Il disturbo bipolare

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness marked by extreme mood swings. A person with the disease may go back and forth between very high and very low feelings. The high periods are called mania. The low periods are called Depressione.

Schizofrenia

Schizophrenia is a long-term mental illness that affects millions of adults. It disrupts a person’s thinking, causing odd outward behavior. People with the illness often hear voices. They may also see things that aren’t really there.

ADHD

ADHD stands for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. It is one of the most common disorders among school-aged kids. ADHD can also continue into adulthood. People with ADHD will have trouble staying focused. Many of them will also act hyper and impulsive. Boys are three to four times more likely to have ADHD than girls.

Ottenere aiuto

Sometimes OCD symptoms can be substance-induced or medication-induced. They may also be due to some other health issue. If you think you might have OCD, you should be checked out by a doctor. If nothing is physically found wrong, you may be referred to a mental health specialist. If you do get diagnosed with OCD, do not fret. OCD is a long-term disease, but through proper treatment recovery is possible.

Risorse

Alleanza nazionale sulla malattia mentale
www.nami.org
www.nami.org/NAMI/media/NAMI-Media/Images/FactSheets/OCD-FS.pdf

Di Kevin Rizzo
Source: National Alliance on Mental Illness, www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Obsessive-compulsive-Disorder and www.nami.org/Learn-More/Mental-Health-Conditions/Schizophrenia; National Institute of Mental Health, www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-ocd/index.shtml, www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml and www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd/index.shtml; Mental Health America, www.mentalhealthamerica.net/conditions/ocd; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/index.html, www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/tourette/index.html and www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/tourette/ocd.html
Recensito da Paulo Correa, MD, direttore medico, Beacon Health Options

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